Covid-19

  • You are viewing Orangepower as a Guest. To start new threads, reply to posts, or participate in polls or contests - you must register. Registration is free and easy. Click Here to register.
Mar 11, 2006
2,869
1,878
1,743
Good discussion. Obviously we're not going to agree on everything. I'm over 40 and not the least bit scared of it for me or my kids. Maybe I'm wrong, but like I said, I've got friends older than me and in worse shape, that shook it off like it was nothing. But I will absolutely take precautions to avoid infecting someone in a high risk category.
I am like you. Over 40 and I am not scared for me, my wife, or kids. It is important to take precautions, but I am still surprised how the parents are still scared.

My wife has talked to a couple of parents that are very reluctant to send their child to school (Those parents are definitely in the minority at her school. Most parents want to return to in person). She talked to one parent that is having their son do virtual school because the parent was afraid that other kids wouldn’t always wear a mask.

Coronavirus is definitely overall much much worse than the flu. But we also have to acknowledge that the coronavirus while exponentially worse for the elderly is not worse for school age children. California stats report 51k confirmed coronavirus cases for school-age children and, thankfully, only one death. For every 50k flu cases for school-age children, the CDC reported 4.6 deaths (using 2018 data).
 
Jun 18, 2010
17,116
1,877
1,743
Where else but Stillwater
I am like you. Over 40 and I am not scared for me, my wife, or kids. It is important to take precautions, but I am still surprised how the parents are still scared.

My wife has talked to a couple of parents that are very reluctant to send their child to school (Those parents are definitely in the minority at her school. Most parents want to return to in person). She talked to one parent that is having their son do virtual school because the parent was afraid that other kids wouldn’t always wear a mask.

Coronavirus is definitely overall much much worse than the flu. But we also have to acknowledge that the coronavirus while exponentially worse for the elderly is not worse for school age children. California stats report 51k confirmed coronavirus cases for school-age children and, thankfully, only one death. For every 50k flu cases for school-age children, the CDC reported 4.6 deaths (using 2018 data).
I am definately scared myself, over 40, since I don't know how bad the virus will be if I contract it, whether from having no symptoms to death in the ICU.
 

PF5

Cowboy
Jan 3, 2014
407
165
593
The biggest thing for me (besides the obvious - death) is what is the long term effects of this. Someone I know got it and his biggest symptom was massive headaches, and still gets headaches (much smaller ones) to this day (2+ months).
 
Jun 18, 2010
17,116
1,877
1,743
Where else but Stillwater
Feb 11, 2007
4,528
2,013
1,743
Oklahoma City
The biggest thing for me (besides the obvious - death) is what is the long term effects of this. Someone I know got it and his biggest symptom was massive headaches, and still gets headaches (much smaller ones) to this day (2+ months).
As yet we do not know the long term effects even in those without symptoms. We only are beginnig to understand the acute not the chronic effects on various parts of the body. Other viruses are known to
remain in our body for years after their symptoms are long gone only to pop up later.
 

RxCowboy

Has no Rx for his orange obsession.
A/V Subscriber
Nov 8, 2004
70,437
40,798
1,743
Wishing I was in Stillwater
That's BS and you know it.

The reason NY and NJ deaths are so high is because they sent infected people back to nursing homes early in the pandemic.

While we haven't figured out as much as I expected about the virus, we have learned that its nearly harmless to young, healthy populations and devastating to older, sick populations.

The spikes in positive tests won't lead to the same spikes in deaths because the new positives are from healthy and asymptomatic people and we are doing a much better job protecting our vulnerable populations.
How many people were actually sent back to nursing homes?

No, I'm sorry, but that doesn't come close to explaining everything that happened in New York.

So, you don't think we've gotten better at treating it and that has had an impact on outcomes?
 
Jan 14, 2006
1,226
699
1,743
How many people were actually sent back to nursing homes?

No, I'm sorry, but that doesn't come close to explaining everything that happened in New York.

So, you don't think we've gotten better at treating it and that has had an impact on outcomes?
Here you go.
https://abcnews.go.com/Health/wireStory/ap-count-4300-virus-patients-ny-nursing-homes-70825470

I'll give you your third point, we've almost certainly gotten better at treating it. Which also further invalidates your NY spike comparison.
 
Mar 11, 2006
2,869
1,878
1,743
How many people were actually sent back to nursing homes?

No, I'm sorry, but that doesn't come close to explaining everything that happened in New York.

So, you don't think we've gotten better at treating it and that has had an impact on outcomes?
I hope we have gotten better treating it. But have our flu deaths per season dramatically improved over last couple of years?

Certainly improvements in treating has some impact. But correlation appears to be mostly due to age. Early in pandemic many were saying young people were less likely to get the virus. Now we know that is not the case.
The percentage of cases under 35 years of age has grown since last May. For example, CA had 29k cases of people under 18 at end of June (3 1/2 months of pandemic). The case load for that age group has almost grown by same amount in July (one month). However, deaths per reported cases has dropped.
 

jetman

Federal Marshal
Nov 27, 2004
14,314
9,208
1,743
Edmond Oklahoma
I posted the other day that my sister and BIL are positive. My wife got her results back today and she's positive. My parents are also positive. We all had dinner together 2 weeks ago. I have a test scheduled for tomorrow morning at 11am. I don't see how I wouldn't also be positive if my wife is.

She was complaining about having head cold/allergy issues this week and after news that my sister and BIL were positive, she got tested on Tuesday. But she's been alright. Just felt a little sluggish a couple of days. I've felt pretty much fine. I've had kind of a scratchy throat and coughed a handful of times in the last few days, but nothing too much out of the ordinary. I've also had times this week were I thought I was getting a fever, but the thermometer said otherwise. I thought I was just psyching myself out after hearing about family members coming down with it.

My mom said she has just kind of felt like she had a cold this week, but it hasn't been too bad. She said my Dad has felt totally fine up until about yesterday and then had a coughing fit last night.

I'm not sure what to think right now.

So if and when I come back positive this will account for 6 people added to the Oklahoma numbers.
 
Jan 14, 2006
1,226
699
1,743
I posted the other day that my sister and BIL are positive. My wife got her results back today and she's positive. My parents are also positive. We all had dinner together 2 weeks ago. I have a test scheduled for tomorrow morning at 11am. I don't see how I wouldn't also be positive if my wife is.

She was complaining about having head cold/allergy issues this week and after news that my sister and BIL were positive, she got tested on Tuesday. But she's been alright. Just felt a little sluggish a couple of days. I've felt pretty much fine. I've had kind of a scratchy throat and coughed a handful of times in the last few days, but nothing too much out of the ordinary. I've also had times this week were I thought I was getting a fever, but the thermometer said otherwise. I thought I was just psyching myself out after hearing about family members coming down with it.

My mom said she has just kind of felt like she had a cold this week, but it hasn't been too bad. She said my Dad has felt totally fine up until about yesterday and then had a coughing fit last night.

I'm not sure what to think right now.

So if and when I come back positive this will account for 6 people added to the Oklahoma numbers.
Hope you guys continue to have mild symptoms. Please keep us updated.
 
Jan 20, 2010
1,717
593
1,743
Scottsdale, AZ
Just anecdotally I had covid early July. Very mild. I’m early 40s and healthy. No underlying issues. No meds. Got over it quickly. But about a week in I developed chest pains. Haven’t gone away. Getting blood work done this week. Likely mri coming. It’s incredibly unnerving. Best of luck to all. But thinking this is a nothing burger is a really bad idea.
 

wrenhal

Territorial Marshal
Aug 11, 2011
9,788
4,062
743
9 fewer counties in the orange risk zone. Green or yellow allowed NPS to be in-person, but orange and red were virtual only.
View attachment 84608
My problem with this is that in order for kay county to be green there can only be .6 Positive tests in 7 days, i think there should be a lower bound of 2 cases per 7 days to be green in counties with less than 100000 population
Basing on per capita would work?

Sent from my Moto Z (2) using Tapatalk
 

wrenhal

Territorial Marshal
Aug 11, 2011
9,788
4,062
743
I posted the other day that my sister and BIL are positive. My wife got her results back today and she's positive. My parents are also positive. We all had dinner together 2 weeks ago. I have a test scheduled for tomorrow morning at 11am. I don't see how I wouldn't also be positive if my wife is.

She was complaining about having head cold/allergy issues this week and after news that my sister and BIL were positive, she got tested on Tuesday. But she's been alright. Just felt a little sluggish a couple of days. I've felt pretty much fine. I've had kind of a scratchy throat and coughed a handful of times in the last few days, but nothing too much out of the ordinary. I've also had times this week were I thought I was getting a fever, but the thermometer said otherwise. I thought I was just psyching myself out after hearing about family members coming down with it.

My mom said she has just kind of felt like she had a cold this week, but it hasn't been too bad. She said my Dad has felt totally fine up until about yesterday and then had a coughing fit last night.

I'm not sure what to think right now.

So if and when I come back positive this will account for 6 people added to the Oklahoma numbers.
So question. Is your blood type 'O'? My wife(not 'O') got pretty sick in February with what seemed to be this, all the symptoms including loss of taste, and me being 'O' got similar symptoms to you for a few days.

Sent from my Moto Z (2) using Tapatalk
 

jetman

Federal Marshal
Nov 27, 2004
14,314
9,208
1,743
Edmond Oklahoma
Hope you guys continue to have mild symptoms. Please keep us updated.
So far we do. I talked to my brother in law on the phone a couple of hours ago and he says he's starting to feel a little better. He seems to have gotten hit the hardest of all of us so far. He says he's still extremely drained though and pretty much pours in sweat every night when he's sleeping. I actually woke up sweaty a couple times last night, but just chalked it up to being in a deep sleep with the comforter over me.

Yeah, I'll keep my situation updated on here. Seems like I'm about to have some time on my hands because I'm going to have to quarantine for 14 days.
 

RxCowboy

Has no Rx for his orange obsession.
A/V Subscriber
Nov 8, 2004
70,437
40,798
1,743
Wishing I was in Stillwater

RxCowboy

Has no Rx for his orange obsession.
A/V Subscriber
Nov 8, 2004
70,437
40,798
1,743
Wishing I was in Stillwater
I hope we have gotten better treating it. But have our flu deaths per season dramatically improved over last couple of years?

Certainly improvements in treating has some impact. But correlation appears to be mostly due to age. Early in pandemic many were saying young people were less likely to get the virus. Now we know that is not the case.
The percentage of cases under 35 years of age has grown since last May. For example, CA had 29k cases of people under 18 at end of June (3 1/2 months of pandemic). The case load for that age group has almost grown by same amount in July (one month). However, deaths per reported cases has dropped.
Influenza is not a new disease that we had no idea how to treat. This is not the flu.

In March we were putting everyone whose O2 sats dropped on vents. Then in April we found that was a bad strategy. In Feb-Mar in Wuhan they were putting everyone on methylprednisolone, then we found that the high mineralocorticoid activity was bad and we're now using dexamethasone. We're using high flo oxygen, proning patients. Standard of care has changed so much that patients in March and patients in July are essentially two completely different sets of patients.
 
Jan 14, 2006
1,226
699
1,743
We've gotten better at treating it, so if we had been better at treating it when New York spiked then it still would have been just as bad in New York?

Nah.
You asked for facts and I gave them. You know those nursing home patients survival rate would be minute even today.

If you're arguing that were that much better at treatment now, then let's all go back to normal.

Just accept you're wrong on this one. You're better than this.
 

RxCowboy

Has no Rx for his orange obsession.
A/V Subscriber
Nov 8, 2004
70,437
40,798
1,743
Wishing I was in Stillwater
From WSJ:

How Exactly Do You Catch Covid-19? There Is a Growing Consensus
Surface contamination and fleeting encounters are less of a worry than close-up, person-to-person interactions for extended periods
By Daniela Hernandez, Sarah Toy and Betsy McKay
Updated June 16, 2020 10:39 am ET

Six months into the coronavirus crisis, there’s a growing consensus about a central question: How do people become infected?

It’s not common to contract Covid-19 from a contaminated surface, scientists say. And fleeting encounters with people outdoors are unlikely to spread the coronavirus.

Instead, the major culprit is close-up, person-to-person interactions for extended periods. Crowded events, poorly ventilated areas and places where people are talking loudly—or singing, in one famous case—maximize the risk.

These emerging findings are helping businesses and governments devise reopening strategies to protect public health while getting economies going again. That includes tactics like installing plexiglass barriers, requiring people to wear masks in stores and other venues, using good ventilation systems and keeping windows open when possible.

Two recent large studies showed that wide-scale lockdowns—stay-at-home orders, bans on large gatherings and business closures—prevented millions of infections and deaths around the world. Now, with more knowledge in hand, cities and states can deploy targeted interventions to keep the virus from taking off again, scientists and public-health experts said.

That means better protections for nursing-home residents and multigenerational families living in crowded conditions, they said. It also means stressing physical distancing and masks, and reducing the number of gatherings in enclosed spaces.

“We should not be thinking of a lockdown, but of ways to increase physical distance,” said Tom Frieden, chief executive of Resolve to Save Lives, a nonprofit public-health initiative. “This can include allowing outside activities, allowing walking or cycling to an office with people all physically distant, curbside pickup from stores, and other innovative methods that can facilitate resumption of economic activity without a rekindling of the outbreak.”

The group’s reopening recommendations include widespread testing, contact tracing and isolation of people who are infected or exposed.

A Recipe for Infection
Getting the COVID-19 involves three steps (Rx gimme three steps, gimme three steps mister, gimme three steps towards the door)
1596988667390.png

Illustration: Erik Brynildsen/THE WALL STREET JOURNAL

One important factor in transmission is that seemingly benign activities like speaking and breathing produce respiratory bits of varying sizes that can disperse along air currents and potentially infect people nearby.

Health agencies have so far identified respiratory-droplet contact as the major mode of Covid-19 transmission. These large fluid droplets can transfer virus from one person to another if they land on the eyes, nose or mouth. But they tend to fall to the ground or on other surfaces pretty quickly.

Some researchers say the new coronavirus can also be transmitted through aerosols, or minuscule droplets that float in the air longer than large droplets. These aerosols can be directly inhaled.

That’s what may have happened at a restaurant in Guangzhou, China, where an infected diner who was not yet ill transmitted the virus to five others sitting at adjacent tables. Ventilation in the space was poor, with exhaust fans turned off, according to one study looking at conditions in the restaurant.

Aerosolized virus from the patient’s breathing or speaking could have built up in the air over time and strong airflow from an air-conditioning unit on the wall may have helped recirculate the particles in the air, according to authors of the study, which hasn’t yet been peer-reviewed.

Sufficient ventilation in the places people visit and work is very important, said Yuguo Li, one of the authors and an engineering professor at the University of Hong Kong. Proper ventilation—such as forcing air toward the ceiling and pumping it outside, or bringing fresh air into a room—dilutes the amount of virus in a space, lowering the risk of infection.

Another factor is prolonged exposure. That’s generally defined as 15 minutes or more of unprotected contact with someone less than 6 feet away, said John Brooks, the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention’s chief medical officer for the Covid-19 response. But that is only a rule of thumb, he cautioned. It could take much less time with a sneeze in the face or other intimate contact where a lot of respiratory droplets are emitted, he said.

Superspreaders
At a March 10 church choir practice in Washington state, 87% of attendees were infected, said Lea Hamner, an epidemiologist with the Skagit County public-health department and lead author of a study on an investigation that warned about the potential for “superspreader” events, in which one or a small number of people infect many others.

Members of the choir changed places four times during the 2½-hour practice, were tightly packed in a confined space and were mostly older and therefore more vulnerable to illness, she said. All told, 53 of 61 attendees at the practice were infected, including at least one person who had symptoms. Two died.

Several factors conspired, Ms. Hamner said. When singing, people can emit many large and small respiratory particles. Singers also breathe deeply, increasing the chance they will inhale infectious particles.

Similar transmission dynamics could be at play in other settings where heavy breathing and loud talking are common over extended periods, like gyms, musical or theater performances, conferences, weddings and birthday parties. Of 61 clusters of cases in Japan between Jan. 15 and April 4, many involved heavy breathing in close proximity, such as karaoke parties, cheering at clubs, talking in bars and exercising in gyms, according to a recent study in the journal Emerging Infectious Diseases.

The so-called attack rate—the percentage of people who were infected in a specific place or time—can be very high in crowded events, homes and other spaces where lots of people are in close, prolonged contact.

An estimated 10% of people with Covid-19 are responsible for about 80% of transmissions, according to a study published recently in Wellcome Open Research. Some people with the virus may have a higher viral load, or produce more droplets when they breathe or speak, or be in a confined space with many people and bad ventilation when they’re at their most infectious point in their illness, said Jamie Lloyd-Smith, a University of California, Los Angeles professor who studies the ecology of infectious diseases.

But overall, “the risk of a given infected person transmitting to people is pretty low,” said Scott Dowell, a deputy director overseeing the Bill & Melinda Gates Foundation’s Covid-19 response. “For every superspreading event you have a lot of times when nobody gets infected.”

The attack rate for Covid-19 in households ranges between 4.6% and 19.3%, according to several studies. It was higher for spouses, at 27.8%, than for other household members, at 17.3%, in one study in China.

Rosanna Diaz lives in a three-bedroom apartment in New York City with five other family members. The 37-year-old stay-at-home mother was hospitalized with a stroke on April 18 that her doctors attributed to Covid-19, and was still coughing when she went home two days later.

She pushed to get home quickly, she said, because her 4-year-old son has autism and needed her. She kept her distance from family members, covered her mouth when coughing and washed her hands frequently. No one else in the apartment has fallen ill, she said. “Nobody went near me when I was sick,” she said.

Being outside is generally safer, experts say, because viral particles dilute more quickly. But small and large droplets pose a risk even outdoors, when people are in close, prolonged contact, said Linsey Marr, a Virginia Tech environmental engineering professor who studies airborne transmission of viruses.

No one knows for sure how much virus it takes for someone to become infected, but recent studies offer some clues. In one small study published recently in the journal Nature, researchers were unable to culture live coronavirus if a patient’s throat swab or milliliter of sputum contained less than one million copies of viral RNA.

“Based on our experiment, I would assume that something above that number would be required for infectivity,” said Clemens Wendtner, one of the study’s lead authors and head of the department of infectious diseases and tropical medicine at München Klinik Schwabing, a teaching hospital at the Ludwig Maximilian University of Munich.

He and his colleagues found samples from contagious patients with virus levels up to 1,000 times that, which could help explain why the virus is so infectious in the right conditions: It may take much lower levels of virus than what’s found in a sick patient to infect someone else.

Changing policies
Based on this emerging picture of contagion, some policies are changing. The standard procedure for someone who tests positive is to quarantine at home. Some cities are providing free temporary housing and social services where people who are infected can stay on a voluntary basis, to avoid transmitting the virus to family members.

The CDC recently urged Americans to keep wearing masks and maintaining a distance from others as states reopen. “The more closely you interact with others, the longer the interaction lasts, the greater the number of people involved in the interaction, the higher the risk of Covid-19 spread,” said Jay Butler, the CDC’s Covid-19 response incident manager.

If the number of Covid-19 cases starts to rise dramatically as states reopen, “more extensive mitigation efforts such as what were implemented back in March may be needed again,” a decision that would be made locally, he said.

CDC guidelines for employers whose workers are returning include requiring masks, limiting use of public transit and elevators to reduce exposure, and prohibiting hugs, handshakes and fist-bumps. The agency also suggested replacing communal snacks, water coolers and coffee pots with prepacked, single-serve items, and erecting plastic partitions between desks closer than 6 feet apart.

Current CDC workplace guidelines don’t talk about distribution of aerosols, or small particles, in a room, said Lisa Brosseau, a respiratory-protection consultant for the University of Minnesota’s Center for Infectious Disease Research and Policy.

“Aerosol transmission is a scary thing,” she said. “That’s an exposure that’s hard to manage and it’s invisible.” Ensuring infected individuals stay home is important, she said, but that can be difficult due to testing constraints. So additional protocols to interrupt spread, like social distancing in workspaces and providing N95 respirators or other personal protective equipment, might be necessary as well, she said.

Some scientists say while aerosol transmission does occur, it doesn’t explain most infections. In addition, the virus doesn’t appear to spread widely through the air.

“If this were transmitted mainly like measles or tuberculosis, where infectious virus lingered in the airspace for a long time, or spread across large airspaces or through air-handling systems, I think you would be seeing a lot more people infected,” said the CDC’s Dr. Brooks.

Sampling the air in high-traffic areas regularly could help employers figure out who needs to get tested, said Donald Milton, professor of environmental and occupational health at the University of Maryland School of Public Health.

“Let’s say you detect the virus during lunchtime on Monday in a dining hall,” he said. “You could then reach out to people who were there during that time telling them that they need to get tested.”

Erin Bromage, a University of Massachusetts Dartmouth associate professor of biology, has been fielding questions from businesses, court systems and even therapists after a blog post he wrote titled “The Risks—Know Them—Avoid Them” went viral.

Courts are trying to figure out how to reconvene safely given that juries normally sit close together, with attorneys speaking to them up close, Dr. Bromage said. Therapists want to be able to hold in-person counseling sessions again. And businesses are trying to figure out what types of cleaning and disease-prevention methods in which to invest most heavily.

He advises that while wiping down surfaces and putting in hand-sanitizer stations in workplaces is good, the bigger risks are close-range face-to-face interactions, and having lots of people in an enclosed space for long periods. High-touch surfaces like doorknobs are a risk, but the virus degrades quickly so other surfaces like cardboard boxes are less worrisome, he said. “Surfaces and cleaning are important, but we shouldn’t be spending half of our budget on it when they may be having only a smaller effect,” he said.

Drugmaker Eli Lilly & Co. has a medical advisory panel that’s reading the latest literature on viral transmission, which it is using to develop recommendations for bringing back the company’s own workers safely.

To go into production facilities, some of which are in operation now, scientists must don multiple layers of personal protective equipment, including gloves, masks, goggles and coveralls. That’s not abnormal for drug-development settings, said Lilly Chief Scientific Officer Daniel Skovronsky. “The air is extensively filtered. There’s lots of protection,” he said.

The places he worries about are the break rooms, locker rooms and security checkpoints, where people interact. Those are spaces where the company has instituted social-distancing measures by staggering the times they are open and how many people can be there at once. Only a few cafeterias are open, and those that are have socially distanced seating. In bathrooms, only half the stalls are available to cut down on the number of people.

“We’ll never be more open than state guidelines,” Dr. Skovronsky said, but “we’re often finding ourselves being more restrictive because we’re following the numbers.”

Adam Falk contributed to this article.

Write to Daniela Hernandez at daniela.hernandez@wsj.com, Sarah Toy at sarah.toy@wsj.com and Betsy McKay at betsy.mckay@wsj.com